GLOSSARY of TERMS
Conditions (sorted by frequency)

Anemia (1) - too few red blood cells in the bloodstream, resulting in insufficient oxygen to tissues and organs.
Arthritis (2) - an inflammatory condition that affects joints. Can be infective, autoimmune, traumatic in origin.
Asthma (2) - a disease process that is characterized by paradoxical narrowing of the bronchi (lung passageways) making breathing difficult. Symptoms include wheezing, difficulty breathing (particularly exhaling air) and tightness in the chest.
Blood Coagulant (1) - exogenous substances used to promote blood coagulation.
Bodyache (12) - pain associated to any part of the body.
Burn (1) - to injure by fire or heat; to change destructively some property or properties of, by undue exposure to fire or heat; to scorch; to scald; to blister; to singe; to char; to sear; as, to burn steel in forging; to burn one's face in the sun.
Canker sore (1) - a type of benign mouth ulcer often caused by injury to the mucosal lining of the oral cavity, viral infection or vitamin deficiency.
Chest pain (3) - there are many causes of chest pain. One is angina which results from inadequate oxygen supply to the heart muscle. Angina can be caused by coronary artery disease or spasm of the coronary arteries. Chest pain can also be due to a heart attack (coronary occlusion) and other important diseases.
Common cold (9) - a viral upper respiratory tract infection. A contagious illness caused by a number of different types of viruses. Because of the great number of viruses that can cause a cold, the body never builds up resistance (immune) against all of them.
Diarrhoea (3) - the abnormal frequency and liquidity of faecal discharges, the frequent and profuse discharge of loose or fluid evacuations from the intestines, without tenesmus; a purging or looseness of the bowels; a flux.
Dysentery (7) - any of various disorders marked by inflammation of the intestines, especially of the colon and attended by pain in the abdomen, tenesmus and frequent stools containing blood and mucus. Causes include chemical irritants, bacteria, protozoa or parasitic worms.
Eczema (1) - a pruritic papulovesicular dermatitis occurring as a reaction to many endogenous and exogenous agents.
Eyeache (3) - pain associated to any part of the eye.
Fever (24) - a rise in body temperature above normal usually as a natural response to infection. Typically an oral temperature greater than 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit constitutes a fever.
Headache (10) - an often familial symptom complex of periodic attacks of vascular headache, usually temporal and unilateral in onset, commonly associated with irritability, nausea, vomiting, constipation or diarrhoea and often photophobia, attacks are preceded by constriction of the cranial arteries, usually with resultant prodromal sensory (especially ocular) symptoms and commence with the vasodilation that follows.
Inflammation (3) - a localized protective response elicited by injury or destruction of tissues, which serves to destroy, dilute or wall off (sequester) both the injurious agent and the injured tissue.
Intestinal worms (3) - worms from the stomach and intestines.
Itching (2) - medically known as pruritis, can result from drug reaction, food allergy, kidney or liver disease, cancers, parasites, aging or dry skin, contact skin reaction, such as poison ivy, and for unknown reasons.
Kidney stones (1) - the presence of calculi in the kidney or collecting system.
Lower extremity pain (2) - pain associated with the legs, sometimes applied specifically to the feet.
Menstruation pain (1) - lower abdominal and pelvic pain that is associated with menses, the cyclic, physiologic discharge through the vagina of blood and mucosal tissues from the non-pregnant uterus, it is under hormonal control and normally recurs, usually at approximately four week intervals, in the absence of pregnancy during the reproductive period (puberty through menopause) of the female of the human and a few species of primates. It is the culmination of the menstrual cycle. Recurrent monthly menstrual pains (not explained by other causes) are often referred to as primary dysmenorrhoea.
Mouth ulcer (1) - circular painful ulcers with a surrounding red margin that are usually 1-2mm in diameter (can be up to 1.0 cm). Heal in 1-2 weeks but can be recurrent. Often caused by a virus in the Herpes family.
Rheumatism (5) - a general disease characterized by painful, often multiple, local inflammations, usually affecting the joints and muscles, but also extending sometimes to the deeper organs, as the heart.
Skin injury (4) - a cut, incision, or injury to the outer layer of the skin.
Skin problems (3) - a dermatological state of the skin, resulting in discoloration, exfoliation due to infection, allergy, or poor nutrition.
Snakebite (3) - a bite by a snake. The condition of having been bitten by a venomous snake, characterized by stinging pain at the wound puncture. The venom injected at the site of the bite is capable of producing a deleterious effect on the blood or on the nervous system.
Stomachache (16) - pain in the abdomen, including the intestines, and stomach.
Teething pain (2) - pain in a tooth or in the teeth generally of an infant or young child.
Tonic (2) - a class of medicinal preparations believed to have the power of restoring normal tone to tissue.
Toothache (4) - pain in a tooth or in the teeth; odontalgia.

Reference - The On-line Medical Dictionary is © Academic Medical Publishing & Cancer WEB 1997-98.

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