Facts and Figures
Official Name: Federative Republic of Brazil
Capital City: Brasília
Languages: Portuguese (official), Spanish, English, others
Official Currency: Real
Religions: Catholic, others
Population: 173,790,000 million
Indigenous Population: 300,000
Land Area: 8,456,510 sq km (5,265,059 sq miles)
Number of Indigenous languages: 170
Number of Indigenous groups: 237
Native Vascular plant species: 55,000
Endemic Species: ?
% Species endemism: ?
Total no. threatened: 1,358
% Species threatened: 2.4
 Medicinal plant estimate: +1500
 CIEER Projects
Medicinal Plants of the Pataxó, Atlantic Coastal Forest, Bahia, Brazil
Regional Distribution of Indigeous Peoples in Brasil (map)
Questions about Brasilian Medicinal Plants
Contact - Regional Coordinator: samerica@cieer.org
References/Suggested Readings
World Conservation Monitoring Centre - Threatened Plants
1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants
Summer Institute of Linguistics -

Ethnologue, 13th Edition
Plantas Medicinais





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Copyright ©1998-2001. CIEER Inc. All rights reserved.
All images and maps produced and copyrighted 1996 - 2001 by Graphic Maps.